Global military spent USD 1.8 trillion in 2020

Amsterdam, NL - June 02, 2020 -

Military budgets often reflect how strongly a country perceives the likelihood of threats against it, or the amount of aggression it wishes to conjure. In 2019, Global military roughly spent around USD 1.9 trillion on military and defense that was approximately 2.2 percent of the world’s GDP. The growth in military spending in 2019 as compared to the previous year was the largest annual growth in the past decade.

One of the key drivers of increased military spending are the Global conflicts or the threat of war. If a country is at international war it spends around an additional 2.5 percent of its GDP on military. Countries that have a history of international war spend around 1.3 percent of their GDP more on their defense budget than countries that do not. A past war raises military expenditure because of a perceived higher risk of future war.

The regional Geopolitical situation which could possibly lead to a conflict is also a key driver to this market. Instability in a region, or a perceived risk of aggression by neighboring countries is another factor which raises a nation’s military expenditure. The level of military expenditure chosen by a government is to an extent, influenced by the level chosen by its neighbors. This can be seen by the high military burden of the countries in the middle east. The presence of terrorist organizations like the Islamic State (IS), al-Qaeda-linked groups, Boko Haram, and other extremist movements, also causes instability in a region. These organizations have exploited wars, state collapse and geopolitical upheaval in the Middle East, and have begun to gain new footholds in Africa.

The defense spending trends across various regions have been analyzed in the "Global Defense Budget Analysis - Forecast to 2028" study. For example, the defense spending in Europe increased by around 4.2% in 2019 as compared to the previous year. Growing unease about Russian behavior is one of the reasons for increase in the defense spending in the NATO nations, and the defense spending in Asia has increased by 50% in the last 10 years due to China’s rise as a regional superpower and the increase in GDP of the Asian nations.

The study analyzes the defense budgets of top 20 military spending countries of the world in detail. Considered are the countries’ military strength, their yearly and forecasted defense budget, and their military spending on the basis of department and end use allocation. It also analyses the important upcoming procurement programs of the nations, including their soldier modernization programs.

The total Global Defense Budget is estimated at around USD 1.8 Trillion in 2020 and the market is expected to grow to more than USD 2 Trillion by 2028. The CAGR of the market is accounted at around 3%. North America is expected to have the highest defense by the end of the forecast period.


Related Studies

Global Defense Budget Analysis - Forecast to 2028

Global Defense Budget Analysis - Forecast to 2028

Publish date: May 2020 - Pages: 329